Tonight on Perspectives: Pope Francis wishes all Jews a happy Passover, and prays for those affected by the wildfire in Valparaiso, Chile.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons, Gobierno de Chile
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Tonight on Perspectives: Pope Francis wishes all Jews a happy Passover, and prays for those affected by the wildfire in Valparaiso, Chile.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons, Gobierno de Chile
Both the Jewish and Christian traditions view eating and feasting as more than simply an opportunity to refuel the body, enjoy certain delicacies, or celebrate a particular occasion. Eating and feasting became for both traditions, encounters with transcendent realities and even union with the divine. In the New Testament, so much of Jesus’ own ministry took place during meals at table.
Jesus attends many meals throughout the four Gospels: with Levi and his business colleagues, with Simon the Pharisee, with Lazarus and his sisters in Bethany, with Zacchaeus and the crowd in Jericho, with outcasts and centurions, with crowds on Galilean hillsides, and with disciples in their homes.
It is ultimately during the final meal that Jesus leaves us with his most precious gift in the Eucharist. The Scripture readings for Holy Thursday root us deeply in our Jewish past: celebrating the Passover with the Jewish people, receiving from St. Paul that which was handed on to him, namely the Eucharistic banquet, and looking at Jesus squarely in the face as he kneels before us to wash our feet in humble service. Instead of presenting to us one of the synoptic Gospel stories (Matthew, Mark, Luke) of the “institution” of the Eucharist, the Church offers us the disturbing posture of the Master kneeling before his friends to wash their feet in a gesture of humility and service.
As Jesus wraps a towel around his waist, takes a pitcher of water, stoops down and begins washing the feet of his disciples, he teaches his friends that liberation and new life are won not in presiding over multitudes from royal thrones nor by the quantity of bloody sacrifices offered on temple altars but by walking with the lowly and poor and serving them as a foot washer along the journey.
On this holy night of “institution,” as Jesus drank from the cup of his blood and stooped to wash feet, a new and dynamic, common bond was created with his disciples and with us. It is as though the whole history of salvation ends tonight just as it begins — with bare feet and the voice of God speaking to us through his own flesh and blood: “As I have done for you, so you must also do.” The washing of the feet is integral to the Last Supper. It is John’s way of saying to Christ’s followers throughout the ages: “You must remember his sacrifice in the Mass, but you must also remember his admonition to go out and serve the world.”
At the Last Supper, Jesus teaches us that true authority in the Church comes from being a servant, from laying down our lives for our friends. His life is a feast for the poor and for sinners. It must be the same for those who receive the Lord’s body and blood. We become what we receive in this meal and we imitate Jesus in his saving works, his healing words, and his gestures of humble service. From the Eucharist must flow a certain style of communitarian life, a genuine care for our neighbors, and for strangers.
Finally, the celebration of the Eucharist always projects us forward towards others, especially those who are poor, marginalized, abandoned or forgotten.
Last year on Holy Thursday evening, many questions and concerns were raised over Pope Francis washing the feet of 12 young people at the Roman Juvenile Detention Centre and especially that two were young women, and two were Muslims.
One can easily understand that in a great celebration, men would be chosen for the foot washing because Jesus, himself washed the feet of the twelve apostles who were male. However the ritual of the washing of the feet on Holy Thursday evening in the Juvenile Detention Centre in Rome took place in a particular, small community that included young women. When Jesus washed the feet of those who were with him on the first Holy Thursday, he desired to teach all a lesson about the meaning of service, using a gesture that included all members of the community. The washing of the feet is a gesture of ultimate humble service, not of power or privilege.
We now know of the many photos and stories that show Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, then-Archbishop of Buenos Aires, who in various pastoral settings washed the feet of young men and women. To have excluded the young women from the ritual washing of feet on Holy Thursday night in a Roman juvenile detention centre last year, would have detracted our attention from the essence of the Holy Thursday Gospel, and the very beautiful and simple gesture of a father who desired to embrace those who were on the fringes of society; those who were not refined experts of liturgical rules and rubrics that at times, when improperly understood and transmitted, do not mirror the profound messages of the Gospels and of the Lord of the Church.
That the Holy Father, Francis, washed the feet of young men and women on his first Holy Thursday as Pope, should call our minds and hearts to the simple and spontaneous gesture of love, affection, forgiveness and mercy that have been the hallmarks of the current Bishop of Rome, more than to legalistic, liturgical or canonical discussions among those who do not yet understand Pope Francis’ love for and outreach to those on the peripheries of society.
This year, as previously announced, Pope Francis will visit the Centro Santa Maria della Provvidenza Don Carlo Gnocchi home, celebrate the Mass of the Lord’s supper with residents, staff and their families, and wash the feet of the residents, many of whom are elderly and have disabilities. The foot-washing ritual is rooted in the story of the Last Supper, when Jesus humbles himself and washes the feet of his apostles on the eve of his death.
On Palm Sunday, April 13, 2014, in an unscripted, extremely moving, Ignatian-style homily, Pope Francis invited the crowd of over 100,000 people to enter into today’s passion story from Matthew’s Gospel and ask some very personal questions of our own roles in the Gospel story.
Here is the Vatican’s official English translation:
After Communion, Pope Francis delivered his Angelus address, during which he extended a special greeting to the participants of the World Youth Days (WYD) organized by the Pontifical Council for the Laity.
He recalled that the next WYD will take place in 2016 in Krakow, Poland, under the theme: “Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy” (Mt 5,7).
The Pope recalled how 30 years ago John Paul II entrusted the WYD Cross to the youth, exhorting them to “carry it through all the world as a sign of Christ’s love for humanity.”
He also announced that St. John Paul II would be the patron of the next World Youth Day in Krakow. Then a delegation of young people from Brazil handed to a delegation of youth from Poland the WYD Cross, which had stood in Saint Peter’s Square throughout the Mass.
The Holy Father went on to announce he would be paying a visit to Daejeon, South Korea, on August 15 where he will meet with the youth of Asia.
Pope Francis concluded his address by calling us to turn to the Virgin Mother, “because she helps us always to follow the example of Jesus with faith.”
Above is the video of Pope Francis’ homily from Friday’s Penitential Service, with Vatican Radio translation.
One year ago today, the Bishops of Canada along with all the faithful of our great land saw you appear for the first time on the balcony of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome. The simplicity of your manner and your words, the humility with which you invited us to pray for you, and your warm smile quickly gained our affection. In the following days, we learned to know you in greater depth. Already, we heard certain key words: mercy, poverty, periphery, joy, encounter… Jesus. Already, we witnessed how you lived out those key words: residing with your collaborators, washing the feet of young people in a prison, visiting the refugees at Lampedusa. In a few months, your election had become for us a symbol of a new kairos in the Church, a decisive moment of renewal and commitment.
Today, we are united with you in a prayer of thanksgiving for God’s work in you and through you. We pray that the Lord will continue to give you wisdom and strength in the major projects you have set for yourself: two Synods on the family, the year for consecrated life, the reform of the Curia, administrative and economic transparency, openness to the world, particularly the victims of war, abuse and poverty. We feel that, through you, God is sending us a pressing invitation. May God grant us to respond generously by committing ourselves to the pastoral and missionary conversion you constantly proclaim. Thus will the entire Church accomplish more and more her mission of being, in the world and for the world, the universal sacrament of salvation.
Please be assured of our unity in the faith, of our solidarity in mission, and of our constant support for the new evangelization. I implore your fatherly blessing upon your brother Bishops in Canada; upon the priests, deacons and lay pastoral associates who labour with us in the Lord’s vineyard; upon our consecrated men and women, and all the faithful of Christ who, here in Canada, strive to live the Trinitarian life in Jesus Christ and transform our history with him; and finally upon all the inhabitants of our country, so that we will build together that more beautiful and fraternal world of which you have become the herald.
In the joy of the Gospel, your brother in the episcopacy,
+ Paul-André Durocher
Today on Perspectives Daily we cover:
Special Mass of Thanksgiving on the Occasion of the First Anniversary of the Election of Pope Francis from the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington.
His Eminence, Cardinal Donald Wuerl, Archbishop of Washington, is the principal celebrant and homilist of the Mass. Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, Apostolic Nuncio to the United States, and Monsignor Walter R. Rossi, Rector of the Basilica, will concelebrate the Mass.
- Photo Credit: The National Shrine of the Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Washington. (CNS file photo/Nancy Wiechec)
When the College of Cardinals entered into the conclave on Tuesday afternoon, March 12, 2013, the excitement and expectation were palpable. With the “Habemus Papam” the following afternoon came the name of a stranger, and outsider, who instantly won over the crowd in the Piazza and the entire world with the words, “Fratelli e Sorelle, buona sera!” (Brothers and sisters, good evening!) Who would believe a pontificate beginning with those simple, common words? Never in my wildest imaginings did I expect a Pope to be called Francis! Nor could I comprehend the scene of well over one hundred thousand cheering people suddenly becoming still and silent as Papa Franceso bowed and asked them to pray for him and pray over him. It was the most moving moment I have ever experienced at a Vatican celebration. His words “Pray for me…” still resound in my ears.
From the very first moments, Pope Francis stressed his role with the ancient title of “bishop of Rome” who presides in charity, echoing the famous statement of Ignatius of Antioch. Francis has brought to the papacy a knack for significant gestures that immediately convey very powerful messages.
The gaze of the Lord
When Francis offers a spiritual self-portrait through the unprecedented interview he gave to Jesuit publications last September, he describes himself as standing under the gaze of Christ. “I am a sinner whom the Lord has looked upon.” The pope illustrates this gaze of Christ by referring to Caravaggio’s “The Calling of St. Matthew,” a painting he had often contemplated in the Roman Church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome.
Pope Francis’ gestures and simple words flow from his episcopal and now papal motto: “miserando atque eligendo.” Jesus’ gaze of merciful tenderness (miserando), shows this patience of God which is God’s response to human weakness. Taken from St. Bede’s commentary on the call of Matthew – these words of his motto express Jesus’ whole approach to people – having mercy on others and inviting them (eligendo) to follow him. Such are the bare essentials of the Christian faith. Standing before the face of Christ is a call to repentance, to conversion of life. Francis’ rhetoric both attracts and perplexes us. He invites us to undergo reform by standing under the gaze of Christ. In the transforming light of that face, the Lord has mercy on us and calls us!
A new way of speaking
Now one year after that momentous election in the Sistine Chapel in Rome on March 13, 2013, let us take stock of what has happened and consider some of the new directions for the Church emerging from Rome in this quiet, Franciscan revolution that is sweeping across the face of the earth. Let us recall some of the expressions, words, phrases, and exclamations spoken by the Bishop of Rome that have reverberated across the face of the earth over the past year.
“How I would like a church that is poor and for the poor!”
“Priests must be shepherds with the smell of the sheep.”
“The Lord has redeemed all of us, all of us, with the Blood of Christ: all of us, not just Catholics. Everyone! Even the atheists. Everyone!”
“We have fallen into a “globalization of indifference.”
“Who am I to judge?”
“I want things messy and stirred up in the church. I want the church to take to the streets!”
“I am a sinner whom the Lord has looked upon.”
“The papal apartment is like an inverted funnel. It is big and spacious, but the entrance is really tight.”
“I see the Church as a field hospital after battle.”
“I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security.”
“God never tires of forgiving us.”
“The dogmatic and moral teachings of the church are not all equivalent.”
“I have a dogmatic certainty: God is in every person’s life.”
“An evangelizer must never look like someone who has just come back from a funeral.”
“I am conscious of the need to promote a sound “decentralization.”
“Mercy is the greatest of all virtues.”
“The confessional must not be a torture chamber.”
“The Church is not a tollhouse.”
“I beg you bishops, avoid the scandal of being airport bishops!”
“We need to promote a culture of encounter.”
“Mary, a woman, is more important than bishops.”
“How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points?”
Pope Francis startled the world on Monday, July 8 last year when he traveled rather spontaneously to the island of Lampedusa off the coast of Sicily- to that dangerous area were so many refugees have lost and continue to lose their lives in their journeys to freedom and safety. The Holy Father’s voice rang out across the sea:
“The culture of comfort, which makes us think only of ourselves, makes us insensitive to the cries of other people, makes us live in soap bubbles which, however lovely, are insubstantial; they offer a fleeting and empty illusion which results in indifference to others; indeed, it even leads to the globalization of indifference. In this globalized world, we have fallen into globalized indifference. We have become used to the suffering of others: it doesn’t affect me; it doesn’t concern me; it’s none of my business!”
Francis is speaking powerfully to each of us about how we let patterns of materialism captivate our lives and distort our humanity. The pope disarmingly makes us deeply uncomfortable in a way that allows us to recognize and confront the alienation from our own humanity that occurs when we seek happiness in objects rather than in relationship with God and others.
While two major documents are attributed to him- the “four handed” encyclical “Lumen Fidei” and the astounding Apostolic Exhortation “Evangelii Gaudium,” it is the probably the widely circulated photo of the Bishop of Rome embracing and kissing a man with a disfigured face that may be considered his real, profound message and signal to the world that was sent to all the bishops and their entire flocks. In this image we get a an HD image of the tenor which Francis wishes to set for the world Church: a Church of tenderness, mercy, welcome, and a true “culture of encounter.”
Francis is the first Pope from the developing world and he brings a degree of credibility on matters of economic justice that otherworld leaders lack. That’s not merely because of his origins, but because of his lifestyle choices in favor of simplicity and humility. He walks his talk and walks the walk. The pope’s messages on the need for ethics in economic life are not conservative or liberal, but Catholic. They are not socialist or capitalist, but Christian. He calls for a church ‘of and for the poor’ that is not turned in on itself, but ‘in the streets.’ Francis has lived the church’s social teaching in his own ministry so he speaks confidently and bluntly on its demands. To be a church for the poor, the Church must elevate the issue of poverty to the very top of its political agenda, establishing poverty alongside abortion as the pre-eminent moral issues the Catholic community pursues at this moment in our national histories. Each of those issues, poverty and abortion, constitute an assault on the very core of the dignity of the human person.
Where does Francis want to lead the church? What does he want the bishops to do? What does he expect of us, ordained ministers? And what is he modeling for laymen and women? Francis wants the Church to be a reconciler and a means of reconciliation. For Francis, faith enters the church through the heart of the poor, not through the heads of intellectuals. Francis confessed: “perhaps we have reduced our way of speaking about mystery to rational explanations, but for ordinary people the mystery enters through the heart.” He knows only too well that at times we lose people because they don’t understand what we are saying, because we have forgotten the language of simplicity. He argues that the message should be kept simple.
Using the Gospel story of Emmaus very frequently, Francis talked to the bishops last July in Brazil about people who have left the church because they “now think that the church — their Jerusalem — can no longer offer them anything meaningful and important.” We need a church unafraid of going forth into their night. We need a church capable of meeting them on their way. We need a church capable of entering into their conversation. Are we still a church capable of warming hearts? A church capable of leading people back to Jerusalem? Of bringing them home? Jerusalem is where our roots are: Scripture, catechesis, sacraments, community, friendship with the Lord, Mary and the apostles. … Are we still able to speak of these roots in a way that will revive a sense of wonder at their beauty?
The Popes of our times
In Francis, we experience once again the warm, paternal embrace of Blessed John XXIII, the clarity and kindness of Paul VI, the contagious smile of John Paul I, the boldness and courage of Blessed John Paul II, and the firmness and gentleness of faith of Benedict. With Benedict XVI, the plea was for reason and faith and how they need one another to make sense. Human reason without religious faith becomes skepticism and religion shorn of the self-critical capacity of human reason becomes fundamentalism and extremism.
What has happened in the church, and how can it be that a 77-year-old, retirement-bound archbishop from Buenos Aires has captivated the world? How can we describe the sense of springtime that has come upon the church? How is it fathomable in our day and age that not only Christians and Catholics but millions of others are speaking about “Papa Francesco” as if he were their own?
Is this all the work of a PR company or clever media strategists hired by the Vatican and frantically working behind the scenes to rebrand its image? Or is there something else at work? Let me tell you what I think is afoot. Jorge Mario Bergoglio took the name Francis upon his election as Pope and told us he did so because of his love for Francis of Assisi. For the past year, many of us have been associating the Pope’s gestures and actions with the “Poverello” or “Little Poor One” of Assisi, perhaps the most beloved saint of the Catholic tradition.
We can easily envision Francis of Assisi in that idyllic, medieval Umbrian hilltop town and mythologize about what really happened back in his day. But too often Francis’ radical message is lost and we reduce him to a gentle, whimsical hippie who fed birds, smelled flowers and tamed wild wolves. We easily forget that in reality, Assisi’s favorite son was and is the model of a radical Christian.
One day as a young man, Francis heard the plea of Jesus from the crucifix in the dilapidated San Damiano chapel on Assisi’s outskirts. “Go and repair my Church,” he heard Jesus say. And he certainly did that in his lifetime and through the huge Franciscan family that he left behind to carry forward his dream and continue his work.
We become easily fixated on lots of eye-catching, buzz-causing externals and great photo opportunities: A Pope who abandoned the red shoes – that were never an official part of the papal wardrobe! A Pope who dresses modestly, pays his own lodging bills, drives around Vatican City in a Ford Focus, calls many people on the phone, brings jam sandwiches to on-duty Swiss Guards at his door and invites street people to his birthday breakfast. This Roman pontiff specializes in kissing babies and embracing the sick, disfigured broken bodies, and the abandoned of society. We sit back, smile and utter: “What simplicity!” “Wow!” Awesome!” “Finalmente!”
Everything the Pope is doing now is not just an imitation of his patron saint who loved the poor, embraced lepers, charmed sultans, made peace and protected nature. It’s a reflection of the child of Bethlehem who would grow up to become the man of the cross in Jerusalem, the Risen One that no tomb could contain, the man we Christians call Savior and Lord. Pope Francis has given us a powerful glimpse into the mind and heart of God.
On the late afternoon of March 13, 2013, Jorge Mario Bergoglio received the call to go, rebuild, repair, renew and heal the church. What we have witnessed over the past eleven months is simply a disciple of Jesus, and a faithful disciple of Ignatius of Loyola and of Francis of Assisi, repairing, renewing, restoring, reconciling and healing the Church. There are those who delight in describing the new Pope as a bold, brazen revolutionary sent to rock the boat. Others think he has come to cause a massive shipwreck. But the only revolution that Pope Francis has inaugurated is a revolution of tenderness, the very words he used in his recent major letter on “The Joy of the Gospel.” [Evangelii Gaudium #88]
It is this revolution that is at the heart and soul of Pope Francis’ ministry. It is his unflinching freedom that allows him to do what he does because he is unafraid and totally free to be himself at the same time of being such faithful son of the Church. It is his goodness, joy, kindness and mercy that introduce us to the tenderness of our God. No wonder why he has taken the world by storm, and why so many people are paying attention to him. No wonder why magazines and newspapers acclaim him as “Person of the Year”, “best Dressed man,” “Rolling Stone” icon and “Advocate” champion, to name but a few! We need the Francis revolution of tenderness and mercy now more than ever before.
Francis, Bishop of Rome, reminds us each day of the words of his predecessor Blessed John over 50 years ago at the beginning of the Second Vatican Council: “The substance of the ancient doctrine of the Deposit of Faith is one thing, and the way it is presented is another.” With Pope Francis, it’s the same story we have heard for ages, but my God, how the packaging has indeed changed! Now wonder why the world has noticed, listened, and is taking to heart what this man from the ends of the earth is teaching us!
(all photos courtesy of CNS)
With the upcoming Extraordinary Synod on the Pastoral Challenges to the Family there has been much talk by Cardinals, Bishops, and priests about the family. Pope Francis wrote a letter directly to families which was released Tuesday, February 25 by the Holy See about that Synod and the importance of the family. Below is the full text of that letter.
“Merciful Father, by your help, may we be ever attentive to the voice of the Spirit”
This prayer, the opening prayer of today’s Mass, reminds us of something fundamental: we are called to listen to the Holy Spirit who enlivens and guides the Church. By his creative and renewing power, the Spirit always sustains the hope of God’s People as we make our pilgrim way through history, and, as the Paraclete, he always supports the witness of Christians. In this moment, together with the new Cardinals, we want to listen to the voice of the Spirit as he speaks to us through the Scriptures we have just heard.
In the first reading, the Lord’s call to his people resounds: “You shall be holy; for I the Lord your God am holy” (Lev 19:2). In the Gospel Jesus echoes this call: “You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Mt 5:48). These words challenge all of us, as the Lord’s disciples. Today, they are especially addressed to me and to you, dear brother Cardinals, and in a particular way to those of you who yesterday entered the College. Imitating the holiness and perfection of God might seem an unattainable goal. Yet, the first reading and the Gospel offer us concrete examples which enable God’s way of acting to become the norm for our own. Yet we must never forget that without the Holy Spirit our efforts are in vain! Christian holiness is not first and foremost our own work, but the fruit of docility – willed and cultivated – to the Spirit of God thrice holy.
The Book of Leviticus says: “You shall not hate your brother in your heart … You shall not take vengeance or bear any grudge … but you shall love your neighbour as yourself” (Lev 19:17- 18). These attitudes are born of the holiness of God. We, however, are so different, so selfish and proud … and yet, God’s goodness and beauty attract us, and the Holy Spirit is able to purify, transform and shape us day by day.
In the Gospel Jesus also speaks to us of holiness, and explains to us the new law, his law. He does this by contrasting the imperfect justice of the scribes and Pharisees with the higher justice of the Kingdom of God. The first contrast of today’s passage refers to revenge. “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. But I say to you … if anyone should strike you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also” (Mt 5:38-39). We are required not only to avoid repaying others the evil they have done to us, but also to seek generously to do good to them.
The second contrast refers to our enemies: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbour and hate your enemy’. But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” (Mt 5:43-44). Jesus asks those who would follow him to love those who do not deserve it, without expecting anything in return, and in this way to fill the emptiness present in human hearts, relationships, families, communities, and entire world. Jesus did not come to teach us good manners, how to behave well at the table! To do that, he would not have had to come down from heaven and die on the Cross. Christ came to save us, to show us the way, the only way out of the quicksand of sin, and this way is mercy. To be a saint is not a luxury. It is necessary for the salvation of the world.
Dear brother Cardinals, the Lord Jesus and mother Church ask us to witness with greater zeal and ardour to these ways of being holy. It is exactly in this greater self-gift, freely offered, that the holiness of a Cardinal consists. We love, therefore, those who are hostile to us; we bless those who speak ill of us; we greet with a smile those who may not deserve it. We do not aim to assert ourselves; we oppose arrogance with meekness; we forget the humiliations that we have endured. May we always allow ourselves to be guided by the Spirit of Christ, who sacrificed himself on the Cross so that we could be “channels” through which his charity might flow. This is the attitude of a Cardinal, this is how he acts. A Cardinal enters the Church of Rome, not a royal court. May all of us avoid, and help others to avoid, habits and ways of acting typical of a court: intrigue, gossip, cliques, favouritism and preferences. May our language be that of the Gospel: “yes when we mean yes; no when we mean no”; may our attitudes be those of the Beatitudes, and our way be that ofholiness. The Holy Spirit also speaks to us today through the words of Saint Paul: “You are God’s temple … God’s temple is holy, and that temple you are” (1 Cor 3:16-17). In this temple, which we are, an existential liturgy is being celebrated: that of goodness, forgiveness, service; in a word,the liturgy of love. This temple of ours is defiled if we neglect our duties towards our neighbour. Whenever the least of our brothers and sisters finds a place in our hearts, it is God himself who finds a place there. When that brother or sister is shut out, it is God himself who is not beingwelcomed. A heart without love is like a deconsecrated church, a building withdrawn from God’s service and given over to another use.
Dear brother Cardinals, may we remain united in Christ and among ourselves! I ask you toremain close to me, with your prayers, your advice and your help. And I ask all of you, bishops,priests, deacons, consecrated men and women, and laity, together to implore the Holy Spirit,that the College of Cardinals may always be ever more fervent in pastoral charity and filled withholiness, in order to serve the Gospel and to help the Church radiate Christ’s love in our world.
(photo: CTV image grab)