), and ended up talking about relativism: you may not want euthanasia for yourself, but don't impose your beliefs on someone else, which is the number one flaw with this book, and with the thinking of anyone who is actually considering that euthanasia or assisted suicide are viable options. We
can't all come up with these things on our own. Your personal autonomy shouldn't be permitted to trump the safety and well-being of society. In the words of disability-rights-activist Catherine Frazee (she used to be the chair of the Ontario Human Rights Commission), "It's not about the particularities of a law and what it prevents and prohibits. It's much more about the messages of the law and how those messages get translated into a social and cultural order." (Catherine is featured in our documentary on Euthanasia,
I spoke to Derek Humphry at the Right to Die Conference in Toronto in 2006. I said to him that I found his book compelling (which is true). But I had one difficulty and that was his use of the word "dignity." I said that when people who believe in God use the word "dignity" I understand what they mean. But when someone, who doesn't believe in God uses that word, it's meaningless. I don't know what they mean. So I asked, "what do you mean when you say "dignity?" Guess what? He couldn't answer me. He mumbled something about how we all have to come up with our own definitions.
But I looked it up:
Dig•ni•ty Pronunciation: 'dig-n&-tE Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English dignete, from Anglo-French digneté, from Latin dignitat-, dignitas, from dignus
1 : the quality or state of being worthy, honoured, or esteemed
2 a : high rank, office, or position b : a legal title of nobility or honour
3 archaic : DIGNITARY
4 : formal reserve or seriousness of manner, appearance, or language
I don't think he meant "high rank, office or position" or anything about manner or language. He means "the quality or state of being worthy."
People! If you don't believe in God, from where does your dignity come? Nowhere. That's where. There is no reason to consider human life of any value whatsoever if we believe we are an accident of evolution and if you don't believe there is anything after this life. That makes no sense. I'm not saying you have to believe in God or in the afterlife, but if you don't, don't go around pretending that human life has value and worth. I've said this before, without God, we would be subject to entropy, which only leads to disorder and death. As soon as you accept that there is dignity in life, you have to accept that there is dignity in all life. I don't think anyone (except Bioethicist, Peter Singer, who thinks babies who are born disabled should be euthanized, a practice which now takes place, legally in Holland), wants to open that can of worms. I'm not going to decide which life is valuable and which one isn't. Is Teague Johnson's
life valuable, because he was loved by his parents? And was Tracey Latimer not valuable? (She was also disabled, but his father killed her to rid her of her pain, he claimed). Was Terri Schiavo's life not valuable (her brother, Bobby Schindler is also featured in Turning the Tide
)? Are we suggesting that laws can be formulated to tell us whose life is valuable and whose isn't? Oh, wait. We can decide if our own life is valuable. That's what leads hundreds of depressed teen-agers to commit suicide every year. But, it's ok. They can decide for themselves. That's autonomy. No need spending any money on suicide prevention week.
Which leads me to my last point which has to do with this concept of quality of life. According to Humphry, self-deliverance should be an option when our quality of life has been reduced to mere existence. But wait, I thought that existence was the criteria for life. Are there really people out there who believe that one life is more valuable than another? (Oh, yes, Peter Singer, I forgot ? He's a Professor of Bioethics at Princeton). If you have life, then you have quality. Is it right for a depressed teen-ager that believes his life has no quality to kill himself? No. To that person we offer counselling and help. We go into suicide-prevention mode (trust me, I worked at Covenant House). But if that person is hopelessly, terminally ill, then compassion means helping them end it. Don't you see there can't be a double standard here? If we tell that person who is terminally ill that it's ok to end their life, then we are actually saying that their life is not as worthy as another life. Your quality of life does not come from what you are able to do or not do; it comes from who you are. It comes from your relationships; how you relate to others. Any disabled person will tell you that. Compassion means giving them the proper pain control (not just physical pain, but also emotional pain) and being with them, loving them, caring for them, making them feel worthy. What we need in Canada is not legalised euthanasia or assisted suicide, what we need is better palliative care.
Anyway, Humphry continues and explains the different kinds of Euthanasia: Passive Euthanasia, Self-deliverance, Assisted Suicide and Active Euthanasia. Let me explain and clarify a few things for those of you who may be considering this:
- Passive Euthanasia. He says is disconnecting someone from medical life-support equipment without which they cannot live (I've already explained that this is NOT euthanasia. Disconnecting someone from an artificial life support system is not euthanasia. It is called withholding extraordinary care. Having someone on a respirator without which their lungs (or heart) would not naturally function is not killing them. They are already dead, without the machine. This is different than ordinary care, like a feeding tube. This is what happened to Terri Schiavo. The courts considered that she was receiving extraordinary care. But feeding someone is not giving them extraordinary care - it's feeding them. It's no different than feeding a baby who can't feed herself. Terri Schiavo didn't die because they removed a medical life-support system without which she could not live. She died because she was starved to death. Tube or no tube, no one was even allowed to wet her lips with a towel. There's no dignity, freedom or choice in that.
- Self-Deliverance is suicide. It's taking your own life.
- Assisted Suicide is Physician Assisted Suicide. A doctor prescribes drugs and then you take them yourself. He doesn't assist you in taking them, he assists you by prescribing them. But you have to be able to take them yourself.
- Active Euthanasia. This is the only kind of Euthanasia as far as I am concerned. This is when the doctor (or someone else) injects the lethal drugs, because you can't do it yourself. I would call this homicide (so does the current law in Canada). As if calling it something else will change what it really is (incidentally, this is what's behind the whole move to call it "assisted dying" instead of "assisted suicide." If someone assists you in killing yourself, it's suicide and they should be charged with whatever they charge you with when you counsel and/or help someone commit suicide). Euthanasia can be voluntary (you asked the doctor to do it), or involuntary. Take note: 2400 or so cases of euthanasia and assisted suicide are reported each year in Holland. But in 1991, the Dutch Government conducted a study that found that there were actually closer to 12,000 assisted suicides that year. Of these, the patient did not request or consent to being killed in close to 6,000 cases. One of the doctors explained that it would have been "rude" to discuss the matter with the patients, as they all "knew that their conditions were incurable." So there you have it. It's rude to bring it up, so assume that that's what they want and go ahead and kill them. Great. So much for safeguards.
For the record, the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition in Canada defines Euthanasia as: to intentionally cause death by action or omission of an action, for allegedly merciful reasons. And Assisted suicide is to knowingly provide the means for a person to kill him or herself.
So there you have it. If you want personal control and choice over your final exit (all the world's a stage), this book will help. I'm sorry this is so long. But we need to let Canadians know the dangers of this euthanasia mentality. Once we legalise something, it becomes part of our collective belief system. I truly believe that. So, legalising it today, means that three generations from now, it will be commonly accepted that it's ok to resort to killing in order to deal with difficult situations. That's the slippery slope. And there are no safeguards that will work. Once we accept that killing is ok in order to relive suffering, killing will be the norm. And next thing you know, killing will be acceptable to rid us of other inconveniences.
For more information you can contact the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition
, the International Task Force on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
or the Catholic Organization for Life and Family
On December 1, Bill C-384 will be getting it’s second hour of debate in the House of Commons, and a second hour and vote the next day. This bill, if passed would legalise Euthanasia and Assisted suicide in Canada. If this concerns you (and it should), find out more, let others know, write to your MP and your newspapers and pray.
Send me your comments.